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How to calculate rental yield

If you’re considering investing in a property, it’s a good idea to understand the rental yield when trying to figure out the returns you might expect from your investment.  Understanding rental yield can help you work out which properties and suburbs might be worth investing in. Let’s explore what rental yield is, how to calculate it, what classifies a ‘good’ rental yield, as well as other important things to consider.

Investing in property: what is rental yield?

Rental yield is simply the difference between the income you receive from renting out your property minus the overall costs of your investment. It’s often expressed as a percentage and the higher the percentage generally means greater cash flow and higher return on investment. 


There are two different types of rental yield – gross rental yield and net rental yield – and both are calculated differently, providing (sometimes substantially) different figures.  


Gross rental yield is a simpler calculation that looks at the amount of rental income you can receive over a year, measured against the market value of the property. While gross rental yield can be useful for determining a property’s general investment potential, it may not give you a completely realistic idea of your outgoings. 


The net rental yield will give you a more accurate figure as it factors in the ongoing expenses of your investment property, which in some instances can be considerable. Expenses can include insurance, strata fees, repair costs and legal fees, to name a few.


Regardless of whether you’re calculating the gross or net figures, understanding rental yield is important for property investors as it can help determine what the ongoing return may be on your potential investment and whether it will work with your overall investment goals. Keeping track of your rental yield can also be beneficial for annual rental reviews on your property. 

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How to calculate rental yield

Gross rental yield and net rental yield are both calculated differently and can paint a different picture of an investment property. 


Calculating gross rental yield is less complicated. Simply take the weekly/monthly rent to work out the annual rental income, then divide it by the property’s purchase cost and multiply it by 100, so you get a percentage. 


Gross rental yield example:


  • George purchased an investment property for $600,000
  • He rents it out at $450 per week
  • The gross rental yield is the annual rental income ($450 x 52) = $23,400 / $600,000 x 100 = 3.9%


The gross rental yield is 3.9%

Graphic with an example calculation for gross rental yield. It shows that an annual rental income of $23,400 divided by a property value of $600,000, equals a 3.9% gross rental yield.

Calculating the net rental yield on a property is more technical and factors in expenses, providing a more realistic figure of a property’s rental return. When calculating the net rental yield, it’s a good idea to factor in:


  • Insurance
  • Strata fees
  • Vacancy costs
  • Repair costs
  • Legal fees
  • Building inspection fees
  • Maintenance fees
  • Agent fees


To calculate the net rental yield, you take the same formula as the gross rental yield, minus your anticipated expenses. We’ll show you the exact calculation below. 


Net rental yield example: 


  • George’s net rental yield is calculated by subtracting his property costs from his rental income
  • $23,400 ($450 x 52) - $4920 / $600,000 = 0.031 x 100 = 3.1%


The net rental yield is 3.1%


Graphic with an example calculation for net rental yield. It shows that an annual rental income of $23,400 minus $4,920 in property costs, divided by a property value of $600,000, equals a 3.1% net rental yield. The property costs are made up of $1,200 in council rates ($300 per quarter x 4), $2,000 in strata fees ($500 per quarter x 4), a $520 property rental fee, and $1200 for property insurance.

What is a ‘good’ rental yield?

There’s no clear-cut answer on what constitutes a good rental yield – it seems obvious that a higher yield would be better, offering a stronger cash flow. But a high rental yield may come at the cost of lower or slower capital growth potential


An investment property which has a high rental yield (generally between 8-10%) may mean that it's undervalued. However, a property that returns a low rental yield (between 2-4%) could suggest that it's overvalued. 


According to CoreLogic, Darwin has experienced the highest gross rental yield for units among the capital cities: 6.96% during the 12 months to Aug 2022, with Perth, Adelaide and Canberra all above 4.9%, and Sydney recording the lowest at 3.53%*. 


Overall, Australia’s capital cities generally performed better than regional areas. Regional Western Australia and Regional SA were the leaders in the regions, with rental yields of 8.28% and 6.46% respectively over the last 12 months. Regional Victoria saw the lowest average rental yield at 4.18%*. 


As with most things, it comes down to your investment strategy. A property with high rental yield might provide you with steady cash flow but may not have the best capital growth potential. Conversely, while a property with low rental yield might not give you as big a profit or cash flow as you had hoped, it may offer superior capital growth due to being in a popular area or area set for growth.


Where has the best rental yield? 

It’s the million-dollar question that every property investor wants to know - where are the properties with the highest rental yield? Thankfully, there’s free online tools, like our Property Market Research tool, that can help investors understand the latest data on suburbs and properties around the country. Information about expected rental income, rental yield, as well as suburb price trends and demographics all go a long way towards helping you find that perfect investment property.


Gross Rental Yield 12-month average across Australia

CoreLogic average rental yields from the last 12 months (September 30 2020 - September 30 2021)

Source: CoreLogic unit gross rental yield – 2021 vs 2022 (as of end of August 2022) 

Things to consider when thinking about rental yield

As with any investment, there’s a few things to be mindful of when it comes to rental yield. When looking at an investment property, to ensure you will be able to cover all costs, it can be a good idea to work out the net rental yield so you have a more realistic understanding of what your returns might be. 


Negative gearing 

While a property may have a high price point, this doesn’t necessarily translate to achieving a high rental income. In fact, many investors who invest in high-price point properties have a low rental yield, and do not receive enough rental income to cover their costs. This is called negative gearing – which you may have heard of. But why would you do this?


While negative gearing sounds potentially problematic from an investment point of view, there is a silver lining. The main advantage is that any loss you incur each financial year from your property can be offset against the income you earn, reducing your taxable income and therefore, how much tax you have to pay. 


Negative gearing can be more suitable for investors who aren’t reliant on the additional cash flow and are more focused on capital growth potential of their property. For those looking to supplement their regular income with rental income and a positive cash flow (such as retirees), positive gearing may be more attractive, by choosing properties with ahigh rental yield. 


Interested in investing?

With the opportunity to grow your wealth, property can be an attractive investment. There are few things to consider however, and that’s where we come in. For more information on how to start your property investment journey, call us on 132 558 or visit a branch to chat to your local Home Finance Manager.

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Things you should know

This information is general in nature and has been prepared without taking your objectives, needs and overall financial situation into account. For this reason, you should consider the appropriateness of the information to your own circumstances and, if necessary, seek appropriate professional advice. Credit provided by Westpac Banking Corporation ABN 33 007 457 141 AFSL and Australian credit licence 233714.

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*CoreLogic, September 2022 (PDF 422KB)